Cuenca Realiad Virtural
Programa Urbanismo en Red

The City and its surroundings

The city of Cuenca, with a population of some 55,000, lies in the central zone of the province of the same name, of which it is the capital. The province of Cuenca is located at the point where the plains of La Mancha meet the Iberian Mountain System and forms part of the Autonomous Region of Castilla – La Mancha.

The city stands on the northeastern edge of the southern sub-plateau, 945 metres above sea level.

The municipal area extends over 954.3 sq. km and lies 167 km from Madrid by road and 220 km from Valencia. It enjoys a continental climate with typical Mediterranean bioclimatic influences, and an average annual temperature of 11.3ºC. In hydrographical terms, this borough belongs to the basins of the Jucar and Tajo Rivers.

Cuenca is the province’s administrative centre, and is of considerable importance to its economy. It benefits from a wealth of major natural and landscape resources.

This factor, together with the spectacular layout of its medieval centre, has played a major role in establishing it as one of the most popular inland tourism destinations. Since 1996 it has formed part of the UNESCO’s group of World Heritage Cities.

New trends in territorial development, combined with the investments made by the various administrations, are bringing changes to the face of the regional infrastructures and land organisation of Castilla – La Mancha, which is now becoming a network of interconnected centres of development.

In this sense, the city of Cuenca, which has traditionally enjoyed excellent communications with Central and Eastern Spain, now benefits from increased communications with strategic areas of economic development.

The major projects currently in progress include the connection of domestic and European high-speed train lines, thanks to the AVE Madrid-Cuenca-Valencia route, and large capacity highways linking Madrid-Valencia and Albacete-Alicante and the Cuenca-Teruel-Zaragoza connection with the Ebro Valley.